The presence of wildlife is becoming more and more significant in Tuscany (and in many other Italian regions), causing serious damage to agro-forestry entrepreneurs, with consequent loss of income. The most striking species are the wild boar (70% of the damage), the roe deer and the deer (a total of 20% of the damage).
The damage from wild ungulates can be contrasted with many different systems, from individual protections to individual plants (shelters) to extended perimeter methods (mesh or electric fences) more or less localized (olfactory dissuasors, etc.), which however have shown so far a fairly limited effectiveness, high installation and management costs (controls, maintenance, etc.) and a not negligible environmental impact.
The Strategic Plan consists in the application on a local scale in 3 target areas of Tuscany (hill, flatland and mountains) and on 3 different agro-forestry productions (vine, vegetables, afforestation and replanting of new green areas), characterized by significant damage caused by wild ungulates, of an innovative ultrasonic device that allows effective removal from wild ungulates, without causing them any harm and eliminating or greatly reducing the disadvantages of other methods, while ensuring economic / financial sustainability, ecological balances and landscape values.
The general objective of the ULTRAREP project is the experimentation of an ultrasonic system to protect crops attacked by wild ungulates.
The project also includes models for monitoring the socio-economic and environmental impacts of the new systems and the transfer of the experience gained in other areas of Tuscany and to other Operational Groups within the National Rural Network and the European Innovation Partnership in Agriculture (PEI-Agri).
1. Coordination and Animation of the Operational Group
BARONE RICASOLI company (farm holder)
2. Development of a new UAR prototype (Ultrasound Animal Repeller) and experimentation in 3 target areas (5 pilot companies) on wine, horticultural and green areas
3. Impact verification of frequencies on non-target species (bats and corvids)
4.New IT structure accessible via web, monitoring and transfer of innovation. Technological and agronomic validation and monitoring of socio-economic and environmental impacts.
CNIT – National Inter-University Consortium for Telecommunications
5. Dissemination of project results
ERATA (Regional Agency for Technical Assistance in Agriculture of Confagricoltura Toscana)